Special Needs Credits & Transcripts

Special Needs Credits & Transcripts

You have a special needs kiddo, and they are in high school. They are not quite up to grade level in Math or English or both, or it takes them a few years to get through what is traditionally a one-year program. The basics and therapy eat through your week, and there is no time for extracurriculars, and the list of concerns goes on. Special Needs parents have unique life challenges, including creating a Special Needs Transcript for their High School years.

Creating a Special Needs Transcript

The Basics of a Special Needs Transcript

  • Vocational Transcripts are often 19 credits total, compared to a 24 credit College Prep or 28 credit Honors Transcript.
  • You are going to want to list 4 credits of English, 3 of Math, 3 of Science, 3 of History, 1 of PE, ½ credits of Health, Speech and Computer and Bible and other electives
  • A credit is generally considered to be 120 hours of work. You can organize this work by book study, lessons, practice, time logs, recitals, performances, hands-on work, etc.

You can list courses and subjects using either a traditional 4 x 4-course grid (which you can find on our True North Homeschool Tribe FB Group) with the subjects along the left-hand side and years along the top, or you can list courses by subject area. My only caution is that if your students hope to go into the military, they might not accept a by-subject transcript.

Transcripts, Special Needs and Graduation

Your special needs student may not be able to handle high school level classes or may struggle with what would be considered traditional high school work in a specific subject area. It is perfectly acceptable to list courses that your students are capable of, regardless of the level or “grade.” If your student is 15 and capable of 4th grade English, list English on the transcript and give them full credit for an entire year worth of work, along with the grade that they earn.

According to Federal law, children with disabilities have the right to stay in school until they complete their school program or until they turn 21, whichever comes first. That is good news as you manage and balance life skills, academic, and vocational training and therapies. Give yourself – and your student! – the time they need to develop and succeed!  

Can therapies “Count” for Credit?

Absolutely! You can log PT and OT for PE credit. Special needs tutoring or educational therapies can count towards credit in subject areas. You can use logs to keep track of credit hours.

How About Hobbies and Electives?

Inevitably, parents underestimate what their students have done and what they are capable of. Dramatic or musical theater can count towards Speech, Music, Drama, etc. Working in a computer repair shop can be logged and count towards Community Service, BCIS- depending on how detailed and involved the work was -or sales and marketing.

I worked with a student a few years ago who, at age 16,  could not manage writing a complete sentence. This same student successfully co-owned and operated a model train store with his Mom. He had customers from around the world who understood that his speech impediment would in no way impeded the high quality of service and attention to detail that he would offer every customer.

The Power of the Parent

So many parents of Struggling Learners and Special Needs students go above and beyond looking for resources, experiences, tutors, and therapies that bolster and build their students ability to succeed. Too often, the parent doesn’t understand how to transcribe these experiences, travel, therapies, and P.E. opportunities into credits.  Boy Scouts, 4-H, etc. and other similar programs can translate into so many academic credits. Think creatively!

Now, where to start?

Parents of struggling learners and Special Needs are often thrust into a world that requires a lot of research and going beyond the normal. High school can be especially daunting. But you don’t’ have to go it alone! Connect with other Special Needs parents and homeschooling companies that partner with Struggling Learners and Special Needs.

Our favorites include SPED Homeschool and of course, our Special Needs Academic Advising, Classes, and FB Group: Survive and Thrive Special Needs Homeschool.

Our Special Needs Academic Advising program was explicitly created to come alongside struggling learners and special needs families. We will do a credit evaluation (and find those “hidden” credits you may have overlooked), recommend curriculum, classes, and programs, develop a Personalized Learning Plan, and provide the support you need to manage to homeschool successfully.

The world of Struggling Learners and Special Needs can be tricky to manage, but thankfully, with the resources available today, you don’t have to go it alone!

Are you homeschooling a special needs child and concerned about high school transcripts and credits? Fear no more! We are here to help you. Check out this great post on how to handle transcripts and credits for your special needs student. #homeschool #TNHA #specialneedshomeschool #transcripts

Easy Homeschool Hacks for Kids with Special Needs

Easy Homeschool Hacks for Kids with Special Needs

You pulled your child from traditional school (or maybe you never started at all) because the environment just wasn’t suited for their needs. Now you’re at home, learning together, all the time. You’ve started to notice little things that are preventing your child from focusing and truly showing their abilities. It’s so frustrating!

Easy Homeschool Hacks for Kids with Special Needs

There are simple ways that you can 100% change your homeschooling story.

Some of these are definitely adapted from the traditional classroom – but only because they work! As with all things homeschooling, do what works best for your child today. Try things out, make some tweaks, and keep on learning together!

Task List or Schedule Chart

One thing that trips a lot of kids with special needs – as well as typically developing kids – up is keeping things in order, knowing what’s next and anticipating changes.

Making a simple visual schedule helps children feel settled and in control. They can see their week, day, morning or even just their current task.

You can totally adapt traditional classroom tools to DIY your own schedule! Grab a hanging single strip calendar organizer with clear plastic pockets and some schedule cards or sentence strips. Write out things that you do in your homeschool regularly. Think: subjects, special activities, breaks, etc. For pre-readers, you can use pictures printed from online. For older kids who can tell time, include a time. You can just add this on the spot with sticky notes or using a whiteboard marker.

Hang your daily schedule in your learning zone or a prominent place in your home. To make a change in the schedule, just swap the cards around. If your child can’t handle a full day of things to do, keep it super simple with just the first 2-4 activities.

Your child will be able to anticipate what’s coming up and feel more confident flowing through the day.

Above the Line/Below the Line

Everyone has things they’d prefer to do, especially kids. For children that push back on learning one particular subject or doing a certain activity, an above the line/below the line chart helps.

Basically, it’s a contract between you and your child. If they can commit to completing 2-4 items of “must do” work, then they can reward themselves with a preferred activity from below the line.

For example, my child must complete Daily Language, one math lesson worksheet/activity and clean up any learning materials used. Then, she can grab a book to read together, choose an educational show to watch or enjoy free time with the music of her choice.

Showing the reward for positive, productive work on non-preferred items is a super motivational tool.

Make your own chart by laminating a piece of construction paper. With a permanent marker, draw a line about ½ to ⅔ of the way down. Above the line, draw as many lines as work items you’d like your child to complete, numbering each line; every day write in your child’s “must do” work. Below the line, using a whiteboard marker, write out the rewards available each day. This keeps things adaptable. Simply erase yesterday’s work and rewards to have a clean slate!

Chunking Work for Success

Plowing through all your work in one big learning session does seem like the most sensible thing to do sometimes. Unless it backfires and you’ve got a meltdown on your hands before half the things are done.

Instead, try chunking out your working time. Work for 5-10 minutes, then take a break and do something else. This is a great time to do physical activity like yoga or “heavy work” – squats, pushups, etc. You could also put on soft music and dim the lights to meditate. Having a healthy snack is another great option!

Building in breaks helps the work seem more manageable. These breaks shouldn’t be super long. Just a few minutes, about 3-5 minutes, is usually enough to reset.

There are two ways to handle the work chunks.

  1. Work in 5-10 min blocks, continuing with the same task/subject/project until complete before switching to a new task or subject.
  2. Work on one task for 5-10 minutes, take a short break, then start a new task or project; whatever you get done in each working block is considered good enough for today, you can continue with the same assignment tomorrow if needed.

Sensory Tools to Stay Focused

Ever notice that your child calms down when they’re holding a certain blanket or bouncing on an exercise ball? Use it!

Try these simple sensory hacks to help your child focus:

  • Velcro strip: attach a small piece of Velcro – either one side or both sides – to your child’s primary working space; your child can stick and unstick two pieces of Velcro or rub their fingers over their preferred side (rough/soft).
  • Exercise ball seating: for kids that wiggle, sit them on an exercise ball – either on its own or as part of a chair system; balancing or bouncing keeps their body engaged, works out the wiggles and helps their mind focus.
  • Squishy things: use a stress ball, slime or other squishy things to help your child focus; your child can manipulate the squishy as they work – providing a calming and focusing effect.
  • Resistance band chair: stretch a heavy resistance band around the front two legs of your child’s chair; they can rest their legs on it to swing back and forth or push down against the pressure.
  • Fidgets: slide beads along a rope, play with a Koosh ball or fiddle with a small car – fidgets can help your child keep their mind more focused by providing movement.
  • Get creative! Use what your child already loves; offer a preferred object as a reward or to hold/use while working.

These three simple changes can make homeschooling a child with mild to moderate special needs, like ADHD, much easier.

What are your favorite hacks to simplify homeschooling a child with different learning needs or styles?

(Are you looking for academic advising or online courses for your special needs homeschool student?  Check out all of our services at True North Homeschool Academy.)

Meg Flanagan, founder of Meg Flanagan Education, is a teacher, mom and military spouse. She is dedicated to making the K-12 education experience easier for military families. Meg holds an M.Ed in special education and a BS in elementary education. She is a certified teacher in both elementary and special education in Massachusetts and Virginia.

Meg regularly writes for MilitaryOneClick, Military Shoppers, and NextGen MilSpouse. You can find Meg, and MilKids, online on Instagram, Pinterest, Facebook and Twitter.

To get actionable solutions to common K-12 school problems, parents should check out Talk to the Teacher by Meg Flanagan.


Are you looking for homeschool hacks for kids with special needs?  Then you are in the right place.  Check out our struggling learner tips today! #TNHA #HomeschoolHacks #StrugglingLearners

Coping with a Special Needs Diagnosis

Coping with a Special Needs Diagnosis

When You Are No Longer Part of the Pretty Party

Does the following sounds familiar to you?

I recently received a diagnosis. I knew something was “off,” but I brushed it aside, telling myself I should work harder, have more robust moral fiber, hurt and complain less, function more clearly and “get it together.” The diagnosis named all of those little things that were “off” and made me aware of some I’d just considered “normal.” My normal is, apparently, not everyone’s.

I did some research, got on some sites, and freaked out pretty thoroughly. My future, in living color, doesn’t look pretty. Literally. Those aches and pains can be expected to get worse. That weak moral fiber I have accused myself of for decades is going to have to be part of my action plan. Others won’t see, and if they do, they’ll pity. I’m judged on something I have no control over, doesn’t have a cure, and while not life-threatening, was definitely not part of my best life scenario.

I cried. I actually cried quite a lot. Not that anything changed, but more things made sense. But the losses seem more permanent with the naming of the thing. No amount of my working harder or smarter will change the outcome. It is what it is. And now, instead of fighting to get on top of a small thing, I will be fighting just to keep going.

The diagnosis changes everything.

This little naming and knowing changes things with what I do and who I do it with. The comments that I have made, observing my own state of being and ability, are straight off the diagnosis page. Who knew?

And now the action plan. What do I need to do? Can I afford to do it? What do I need to grieve and give-up and move away from?

Those other people- the beautiful ones-the ones still at the pretty party; they have what I do not, what I won’t have. I am no longer a part of the pretty party. I haven’t been for a long time, but the knowledge that I know have seems to make it permanent. The pretty party is not all-inclusive, and I am definitely not on the party list.

And so I grieve that too, the fact that I don’t belong. The truth is that I feel judged and that others don’t want to include me – as if my struggle would rub off on them.  I feel a desperate need to seek out others who are struggling to make the best of rotten realities.

My “tribe.”

I find them, and they are welcoming and open-armed. These people are helpful, responsive, and offer good advice. Advice like, go ahead and cry, see this doc, read this article, stay away from this misinformation. Things like, “you can’t be cured, but you can be well.”  “You might not have your ideal best life, but you can have a beautiful, good enough life.” And I find myself crying a little bit now, too. I’m crying in relief at having found my people; grateful for the tribe and sorrow that it’s mine. It’s fine to feel both, as you grieve over having lost your ideal.

(Still looking for your “tribe?” Check out our Special Needs Homeschool Facebook group, Survive & Thrive.)

Maybe this sounds familiar because you’ve received a diagnosis.

You’ve just found out that your beautiful child is dyslexic, or autistic, or has a processing disorder. Maybe you’ve found out that your sweet little one is ADHD or on the spectrum. Life will never be the same, but it can still be a beautiful, good life.

Take the time you need to regroup and re-calibrate and realize that this will be an on-going process.

Some tips on getting through a tough diagnosis:

  1. Grieve the losses. Grieve your new reality.
  2. Research an action plan
    • What do you need to do?
    • What can you afford to do?
  1. Find resources and people who have the same struggles. Find a tribe.
  2. Give yourself time as you re-calibrate and re-group.
  3. Give yourself time. Eventually your new reality will be, if not your ideal, o.k. And you will be the one opening arms to others who are desperately seeking their tribe.

Not sure where to start?  We can help!

First, check out our post, After the Diagnosis, to form an action plan.  Then, when you are ready, seek out our Special Needs Academic Advising, which will help you move your plan into action.  If you feel like you just need more, we also offer Summer Boot Camps and Special Needs year-long classes.

Another great resource is SPED Homeschool.  Check them out today!

"I cried. I actually cried quite a lot. Not that anything changed, but more things made sense. But the losses seem more permanent with the naming of the thing. No amount of my working harder or smarter will change the outcome. It is what it is." Are you trying to cope with a special needs diagnosis? We've been there! Check out this post that describes the emotions and steps after a diagnosis. #specialneedshomeschool #homeschooling #homeschool #TNHA

After the Diagnosis: The Next Steps

After the Diagnosis: The Next Steps

After the Diagnosis:  Next Steps

If your child was just diagnosed with a learning disability or a special need of any kind, there can be a myriad of feelings, to deal with such as shock, concern, fear, relief, confirmations, anger or sadness, to feeling overwhelmed with further questions-the biggest of which is, “Now what?”…

After receiving a diagnosis, following these next steps can be helpful for you and your child.

Learn all you can about your child’s diagnosis, while recognizing that your child is more than the particular diagnosis or label.

Nobody loves your child more than you or wants to see him succeed and meet his full potential more than you.  By learning about your child’s diagnosis and different abilities, you can grow in understanding how to better support him, as you continue to be your child’s fiercest advocate and loudest cheerleader.

Investigate treatment options, such as therapies, interventions, and possible medications.

A great place to start is your child’s pediatrician or the diagnosing professional.  You may also want to consider seeking holistic treatments by working with an integrative physician.  There are more and more types of therapies available for various disabilities and special needs.  Many therapy treatment options exist–from art and music therapy, pet and equine therapy, to behavioral and cognitive therapy, in addition to more “traditional” or standard speech/language, vision, physical and occupational therapies.

Seek support for your child and the family.

You can find parent and children support groups, such as Decoding Dyslexia and Eye to Eye Mentoring, as well as national charitable organizations, such as Scottish Rites, Easter Seals and the ARC that offer parent and family resources, supports, directories, grants/scholarships, etc.  Also, non-profit organizations such as Joni and Friends, provide resources, a directory for disability ministries across the country, and family camps.

Talk with your child about his diagnosis and teach him to self-advocate.

Your child needs to understand that his diagnosis does not define him. There are many bright and successful people with disabilities.  In fact, it is estimated that 1:5 people have a learning disability.  Help your child come to understand what his difficulty or disability is and how it may impact him, but also teach him ways to work around it.  Also, help your child recognize the ways he is smart and what are his areas of strength.  The book, 8 Great Smarts, by Dr. Kathy Koch is a great resource.  Self-advocacy is an important, empowering life-skill.  Resources such as The Dyslexia Empowerment Plan by Ben Foss, Yale Center for Creativity and Dyslexia, LDAdvisory, and Understood.org are a few examples of places to find resources to educate your child and teach him how to advocate for himself.

Make a plan for reasonable accommodations for the student and discuss these with your student and other adults/teachers, such as those in your community of faith, coaches, music teachers, and co-op leaders/teachers.

Accommodations level the playing field and help students to take in information or show forth what they know.  Some common accommodations are extra time, use of audio books, dictation or oral assessment, or frequent breaks, to name a few.  It is a good idea to keep a written record of the educational accommodations you will be providing to your student, in your home school file.

Be encouraged that you are your child’s best teacher, and home education is an excellent individualized educational plan.

While home education, due to its very nature, is an individualized educational plan, for homeschooled students with special needs, drafting a written, student education plan can be wise.  True North Homeschool Academy Special Needs Advising and HSLDA’s Special Needs Educational Consultants, hslda.org, can help families with this and provide templates for how to do so.  Additionally, their special needs consultants can help make sense of the diagnostic assessment reports and help you the parent-teacher come up with a customized educational plan.  Lining up classes, such as those offered through True North Academy, can be a great way to customize your child’s specialized home education.

Helpful Links:

  • Kathy Koch, Celebrate Kids, https://celebratekids.com/meet-dr-kathy/
  • Yale Center for Creativity and Dyslexia, http://dyslexia.yale.edu/success-stories/
  • 7 Tools for Cultivating Your Child’s Potential, by Zan Tyler, https://www.amazon.com/Tools-Cultivating-Your-Childs-Potential/dp/1935495437
  • “Parent Pep Talk:Dealing with Your Child’s Diagnosis”, https://www.understood.org/en/family/taking-care-of-yourself/dealing-with-emotions/parent-pep-talk-coping-with-your-childs-diagnosis
  • https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/child-learning-disabilities/add-adhd/my-child-was-just-diagnosed-with-adhd-now-what

Faith’s own learning struggles and diagnosis of dyscalculia compelled her compassion for other bright but struggling students. A fifteen year teaching career before she became a homeschool mom included both public and private schools, tutoring, and working as a reading specialist. Her specific area of expertise is the identification and remediation of reading difficulties.

As an extroverted-introvert who is a lifelong learner and an avid reader, her 2008 transition to homeschooling her own two children was a natural one. Faith currently applies her passionate advocacy for special needs students as she speaks at homeschooling conferences across the nation and internationally. She also serves as a Special Needs Consultant for Home School Legal Defense Association in addition to having her own in-home, private practice as an educational diagnostician.

Faith holds the following credentials

  • B.S. in Early Childhood and Elementary Education from West Virginia University
  • M.Ed. in Reading from Shenandoah University
  • certification as a trained dyslexia intervention specialist through the National Institute of Learning Differences (NILD)
  • certification in Equipping Minds Cognitive Curriculum

Faith’s articles have been published in several national homeschooling magazines, and she has been the guest of several homeschooling podcasts.

Are you a special needs homeschool mom with a brand new diagnosis?  Let me guess, you feel an acute sense of heartbreak, grief, and so overwhelmed that you feel like you are drowning?  We've been there.  Now is the time to take a step back, examine your options, and form a plan.  Check out the steps we think are necessary after the diagnosis.  #homeschool #specialneedshomeschool #specialneedsmom #TNHA

Struggling Learners or Special Education – What’s the Difference?

Struggling Learners or Special Education – What’s the Difference?

(The following post is written by Amy Vickery, special needs/struggling learners teacher at True North Homeschool Academy.)

Struggling Learners vs. Special Education

A lot of parents ask questions about the difference between struggling learners and special education.  A struggling learner is basically working at or just below grade level. It might take them longer to catch on, they might need a few more examples, or a few more examples.  A struggling learner may take longer to memorize math facts, but ultimately they get them down. This might even include a student with ADHD or dyslexia, depending on the severity.   

A  Special Education student, however,  generally has a specific diagnosis (Autism, Down’s, Intellectual Disability, severe ADHD or Dyslexia, and many others).  These students generally are 2-3 grade levels or developmentally 2-3 years behind their peers in specific areas or across all areas.  

When do I need to seek out a diagnosis?

When a parent asks me if they should seek out a diagnosis, I ask them to consider the following:

  • Why do you need a diagnosis?
  • What questions are you hoping to answer with a diagnosis?
  • How would a diagnosis benefit you and your child?

A diagnosis might be beneficial if:

  • You utilize public school services (some states allow this even for homeschoolers)
  • You will be eligible for services or resources not currently available without a diagnosis
  • You need a diagnosis for your state due to testing regulations
  • You are preparing for college and a diagnosis is required for needed accommodations for classes or testing (the testing usually has to be less than 3 years old going into college)
  • You really don’t know what to do or how to help your child and you are looking for help in how to approach teaching them
  • You know something is “off” or “not right” or a “problem” but you can’t quite put your finger on what’s going on. The hope of naming your unrest will bring you some peace and hope to help your kiddo.

What do I do after I receive a diagnosis?

No matter how prepared you think you are going into an evaluation process, receiving a diagnosis comes with a mix of emotions.  You are relieved because you find out that something really is going on (and you really weren’t just THAT crazy mom after all). However, parents need to be prepared.  

There is always a grieving process that comes with receiving a diagnosis.  There will be anger, sadness, feelings of doubt, and eventually you will come out feeling stronger and better equipped to help your child.  

Here are some tips to help you through this process:

  • Don’t make any immediate changes that aren’t absolutely necessary.  Give yourself time to adjust before making changes to educational setting (especially to homeschool from public school or vice versa), curriculum or how you are approaching things.
  • Educate yourself.  Find some articles, a video, or a book to read on the specific diagnosis. Even if you know a lot about it already, it helps to see the information through the new eyes of KNOWING what is going on.
  • Find some support.  Facebook groups and friends are great places to start.
  • Say some prayers.  The road is going to be long and hard, even armed with a diagnosis.  Prayers for understanding and peace go a long way.

How to find support…

One of the most important things to do as a parent of a child who struggles or has special needs is to find a support group.  Friends who will pray with and for you, families going through similar struggles and a good sitter are all important. Here are some great ideas for finding support:

  • Church – a lot of times you can find support through a church.  From support groups to an hour to be an “adult” on Sundays while your kids are in Bible Class can do a lot for how you feel the rest of your week.  Talk with them about what your needs are and advocate for yourself and your child.
  • Facebook groups – Not all Facebook groups are the same, but there are some wonderful ones out there.  Some I recommend to parents:
  • Friends – Find your “Tribe.”  Friends who can understand and be the shoulder you lean on when things get tough.  Parents who are going through similar situations are great because they are in the trenches with you.  Being able to offer support at times can be beneficial too.

Struggling Learners and Special Needs students will take more faith, perseverance, and resources but be encouraged! There are a plethora of resources, books, conferences, and groups now more than ever before, including small group classes offered live online through True North Homeschool Academy. We also offer Special Needs and Struggling Learners Academic Advising. We would love to link arms with you as you seek out what’s best for your Struggling Learner or Special Needs student!

Are you homeschooling a special education or struggling learner student?  Here at True North Homeschool Academy we understand the frustration and overwhelm that comes with a special needs student because we are special needs parents ourselves!  Let us help you! Read on to find out the what it means to have a special needs/struggling learner and where you can go for help. #TNHA #specialneedshomeschool #strugglinglearner #homeschooling


Amy Vickrey, MSE  is a mother of a seven-year-old and almost three-year-old. Her homeschool journey began over 20 years ago when she saw how homeschooling enabled her sister who had memory issues and fell through the crack at school, to graduate and go to college. Amy knew then she wanted to implement what she saw – the love and individual attention – into her own teaching. She now homeschools her two boys and loves every minute of it! Having completed the second year of their homeschool journey, she is looking forward to many more to come!

Amy holds a Masters of Science in Education, Specializing in Curriculum and Instruction, from the University of Central Missouri and a Bachelors of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies from Texas State University-San Marcos.  Also, she spent 2 years of college studying Interpretation for the Deaf and Deaf Studies and knows American Sign Language. Her teaching certifications include Special Education, English as a Second Language and Generalist (early childhood through fourth). She is now part of the Struggling Learners Department of True North Homeschool Academy and loves the discovery approach to learning. Teaching children how to learn will help them reach their goals and dreams.

Amy Vickrey states, “My passion for learning and being a lifelong learner is something I want to pass on to the children I teach, as well as my own children.  Making learning fun and engaging is an important part of this process. My goal is to lift others up to help them achieve their own goals and dreams.”


Communication Challenges for Struggling Learners

Communication Challenges for Struggling Learners

(The following post is written by True North Homeschool Academy Special Needs Instructor Amy Vickery.)
Talk to Me
For your children who struggle with academics, communication can be a challenge too.  From finding the right words to express feelings, needs and wants, to be able to express themselves on paper, communication challenges come in many different forms.  These challenges can change over time, showing up for a period of time and then disappearing, only to show up in a new way somewhere else. Here are some challenges your child may face, and some ways to help support their challenges.

Listening Comprehension Skills:

When dealing with communication, the first thing you have to consider is a child’s ability to understand what they hear.  If they cannot follow simple directions, they may be struggling with listening comprehension rather than just being “difficult” or “ignoring” you. A child who struggles with listening comprehension is not going to understand what is being said in a conversation (may have a hard time staying on topic, or responding appropriately), and will likely not pick up naturally the conversational skills other children do.
Here are some suggestions for working on listening comprehension:
  1. Give directions one step at a time.  Once this is mastered, go to 2 steps at a time, then 3.
  2. Keep directions short…use fewer words when possible.
  3. Allow time to process the direction before saying anything else.
  4. If you repeat the direction, don’t change how you said it.  Say it exactly the same way again. Don’t change what you are saying until you know for sure they have heard you.  When you change the words you are using, the brain takes it as new information, and begins processing it as a totally new direction.  By using the same words, the brain can continue to process the information that it took in the first time you said it.

Expressing emotions:

Our society has greatly changed over the past years. At one point, boys and men were not supposed to show or express emotions, to talk about feelings, or admit when they were hurt.  Now our society expects everyone to be able to express feelings, empathize and otherwise understand complex emotions from a very young age. As a child with Autism, my son found this very difficult and continues to struggle with it at times.
Some ways I help him are:
  1. Talking about my feelings and emotions
  2. Asking questions when he seems to be unable to express himself or unaware of his emotions
  3. Seeking outside help at times to help him work through his emotions and identify what may be going on.
  4. Using emotion boards to allow nonverbal communication of feelings. This can also be done through art, drawing, writing, play and other forms of expression).
  5. Be aware that emotional upset decreases a child’s ability to express emotions and thoughts, and will limit or stop learning completely.

Talking to strangers:

Some children can be overly shy while others can be overly friendly. Both are difficult situations to deal with at times.
Some ways to help with knowing how to talk to people:
  1. Give suggestions (almost like a script) of how to introduce oneself, ask questions, talk about subjects interesting to your child and the other child, give compliments, accept compliments, etc.  For some ideas, check out the Boystown Social Skills Posters.
  2. If you have a child who is learning a social skill and needs reminders, set up a small cue that only the two of you know about (like a wink or holding up 1 finger, etc.), that you can do “secretly” to remind him.
  3. Use a visual cue like “Social Circles” to help children who are overly friendly understand limits.

Making friends:

Our kids that are unique, different, and/or struggle sometimes have difficulty making or keeping friends.
Some ways to help:
  1. Talk to them about how others feel and think as you interact with people in public, watch tv, and talk to one another.
  2. Find something they are interested in, and find a class or a club involving that interest – or start one!  (having something in common can be a beginning point for friendship).
  3. Get involved with a church or family social organization that has a variety of kids of different ages and abilities.
Whatever stage of development your child is in, the ability to communicate is essential to navigating the social world.  With a little help and support, even our children who struggle can learn to make and keep friends, communicate with individuals of all ages, and be able to advocate for themselves as they become more independent with time.


Feel like you need MORE help with your struggling learner?  Check out our great struggling learner program at True North Homeschool Academy.  We also do tutoring for struggling learners, as well as academic advising.


Amy Vickery - Struggling Learners Teacher

Amy Vickrey, MSE  is a mother of a seven-year-old and almost three-year-old. Her homeschool journey began over 20 years ago when she saw how homeschooling enabled her sister who had memory issues and fell through the crack at school, to graduate and go to college. Amy knew then she wanted to implement what she saw – the love and individual attention – into her own teaching. She now homeschools her two boys and loves every minute of it! Having completed the second year of their homeschool journey, she is looking forward to many more to come!

Amy holds a Masters of Science in Education, Specializing in Curriculum and Instruction, from the University of Central Missouri and a Bachelors of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies from Texas State University-San Marcos.  Also, she spent 2 years of college studying Interpretation for the Deaf and Deaf Studies and knows American Sign Language. Her teaching certifications include Special Education, English as a Second Language and Generalist (early childhood through fourth). She is now part of the Struggling Learners Department of True North Homeschool Academy and loves the discovery approach to learning. Teaching children how to learn will help them reach their goals and dreams.

Amy Vickrey states, “My passion for learning and being a lifelong learner is something I want to pass on to the children I teach, as well as my own children.  Making learning fun and engaging is an important part of this process. My goal is to lift others up to help them achieve their own goals and dreams.”

Are you facing communication challenges with your struggling learner?  Often special needs children have difficulty communicating with those around them.  See True North Homeschool Academy Instructor Amy Vickery's top tips for helping your struggling learner communicate.  #strugglinglearner #specialneeds #homeschool #homeschooling #TrueNorthHomeschoolAcademy